What are Chakras?
Chakras refer to energy centres within the body and can be found along an energetic pathway that runs alongside the central channel of the nervous system (spine/brain).
Chakra is a Sanskrit word, which translates to “wheel”, and you can imagine the chakras as spinning wheels of energy or prana.
There are seven main chakras, the first one is located at the base of your spine and each one moves upwards all the way to the crown of your head ending with the seventh chakra.
Chakras are energies that can not be seen with the human eye and are associated with specific locations in the physical body — Similar to how the brain has both a physical (brain) and a subtle-body (mind) entity.
Ideally in a perfect mind and body, energy would be able to flow freely throughout the central channel, which would result in excellent health, wellness, harmony and balance.
However, as part of this human experience, you are exposed to hardships in life through trauma, illness and various other circumstances that are not always within your control.
It’s these experiences and your responses to such, which have a huge impact on both your body and mind resulting in energetic blockages.
You don’t even realise how easily you become stuck in certain patterns of thought and behaviour that keep you from being in harmony and joy.
Understanding your chakras meanings and bringing awareness to where your blockages are, will allow you to take a look at yourself at a deeper level and work to bring yourself back into a place of peace and balance.
Each chakra is associated with its own element, symbol, colour and stones/crystals.
The seven main chakras are explored below and each section mentions certain practices you can focus on in opening chakras and chakra alignment.
Read through each chakra mindfully and see which one speaks to you, and focus your attention to where you might think you have an imbalance or blockage.
What are the 7 Main Chakras Meanings in Our Body?
Root Chakra (Muladhara)
The root chakra is located at the base of your spine, it represents your foundation, your basic needs in life and gives you the feeling of being grounded and secure.
This chakra’s main job is to provide a strong foundation and give you a connection to your most basic needs, as well as a sense of security that these needs are being met.
When the root chakra is open and in balance, you will feel independent and confident in your ability to face the challenges of life. You will feel safe, secure, grounded and at peace.
When it's experiencing a blockage that is overactive or underactive, we can feel unstable, insecure, fearful, anxious, greedy, materialistic.
The Muladhara chakra offers us a strong base on which to build the ascending chakras.
Location: Base of spine, pelvic floor Affirmation: “I am grounded and provided for” Colour: Red Element: Earth
Stone: Red Jasper, smokey quartz
When it develops: 1-7 years old
Suggested yoga pose: Tadasana (Mountain Pose)
Physical issues: Digestive problems, lower back issues, hip pain, and ovarian cysts in women or prostate issues in men Balance by: Connect to spirit, feed the soul with prayer or meditation; volunteering and acts of kindness and compassion; spend time in nature, grounding yoga poses.
Explore our Yoga for Beginners: A Definitive Guide here!
Sacral Chakra (Swadhisthana)
The sacral chakra is located in the lower belly, just below the navel and linked to the sacrum.
Swadhisthana is the home of the creative life force energy that helps you enjoy your life on this human plane.
It governs your emotional and sexual connection to yourself and to others. When energy flows freely in this chakra, you will feel inspired, passionate, sexy and have a zest for life.
When there are blockages you may feel a fear of pleasure, lack of creativity, motivation and focus. You may also find yourself continuously seeking pleasure.
Location: Lower belly, sacrum
Affirmation: "I am a creative source of consciousness that radiates beauty”
Stone: Tiger's Eye
When it develops: 8-14 years old
Suggested yoga pose: Deviasana (Goddess Pose)
Physical issues: Reproductive issues, addictions, obesity, hormone imbalances
Balance by: Practicing mindfulness, hip-opening yoga poses, dance, any kind of creative expression, chanting and visualisation practices
Solar Plexus Chakra (Manipura)
The solar plexus chakra is your powerhouse, it relates to your confidence, self-worth and self-esteem.
When your Manipura is blocked, you may feel weak and powerless, with extreme shame, self-doubt and low self-worth. You may also feel stagnant and in limbo as if life is going nowhere slowly.
When your sacral chakra is open you will feel at ease in expressing your truest self. You will be able to take action easily, stepping into your innate power with grace.
Location: Stomach area, above the navel
What it controls: Self-worth, self-confidence, and self-esteem
Affirmation: "I am positively empowered and prosperous in all I do"
When it develops: 15-21 years old
Suggested yoga pose: Navasana (Boat Pose)
Physical issues: Digestive issues, stomach ulcers, indigestion, diabetes, eating disorders Balance by: Confidence boosting activities like mirror work and positive affirmations; do practices that help you to accept and love yourself unconditionally.
Heart Chakra (Anahata)
The heart chakra is responsible for your ability to not only love yourself but also give and receive love to and from others.
Anahata is the bridge between the lower chakras (associated with materiality) and the upper chakras (associated with spirituality).
When your heart chakra is blocked, you can become jealous and codependent, and may form dysfunctional relationships.
It’s likely that you may be suffering from a lack of self-love and negative internal dialogue. You will struggle to open up to others or suffer from extreme empathy.
When your heart chakra is open and in balance compassion and love flow freely, your form healthy relationships and can experience deep compassion and empathy.
Location: Heart and lungs
What it controls: Love, joy, and inner peace
Affirmation: "Love is my guiding light, I give and receive love both effortlessly and unconditionally.”
Element: Air Sound: YAM
Stone: Rose Quartz
When it develops: 21-28 years old
Suggested yoga pose: Ustrasana (Camel Pose)
Physical issues: Fast heart rate, palpitations, heartburn
Balance by: Compassionate acts of kindness to yourself and others; a relaxing bath, massage or meditation
Throat Chakra (Vishuddha)
The throat chakra is the hub of your ability to communicate and speak your truth. When in balance it can allow you to express yourself concisely, and with clarity and love.
When the Vishuddha is experiencing a blockage you may find yourself struggling to communicate how you truly feel and not wanting to openly share.
This blockage can often manifest itself as a sore throat, which is a great indicator for not saying what you want to say.
On the flip side, you may also find yourself talking excessively and not listening to those around you. It may display itself as gossip or even destructive explosions of anger or upset.
When the throat chakra is open and in balance, your voice has space, allowing you to openly communicate your emotions in healthy and constructive ways.
You’ll become better at listening when others are talking and you will respect their truth without being over-analytical and judgemental.
What it controls: Communication, self-expression and truth
Affirmation: "I speak my truth with honesty and integrity, always."
Colour: Light Blue/Turquoise
Sound: HAM Stone: Aquamarine
When it develops: 29-35 years old
Suggested yoga pose: Matsyasana (Fish Pose) or supported fish pose
Physical issues: Throat pain, frequent infections, cavities or mouth ulcers
Balance by: Practice chanting meditations; begin to speak up more, or if you need to speak less, spend time listening more and spending time in silence; Mindfulness when speaking — think before you speak.
Third-Eye Chakra (Ajna)
Ajna, the third-eye chakra is associated with your intuition and inner wisdom and it governs how the rest of the chakras operate.
This chakra opens up your mind to information and guidance beyond the material 3D world and the five senses.
The third eye is like your sixth sense, it’s what provides you with psychic energy and extrasensory perception — when balanced it opens you up to different perspectives and helps you channel wisdom that cannot be seen or heard by ordinary senses.
When this chakra is blocked you will feel close-minded, switched off from your intuition and stuck in your own mind.
Overstimulation can lead to hallucinations, daydreaming, or the inability to be grounded in the human experience.
When Ajna is in balance and functioning well, you will have clarity and insight, and you will trust your inner guidance when faced with the challenges of life.
Qualities that represent a well balanced third eye chakra are openness, clarity, self-knowledge and inquiry, and the ability to connect to your intuition with ease.
Location: Between the eyebrows
What it controls: Intuition, imagination, wisdom and inner guidance
Affirmation: "The answers to all my questions are within me”
When it develops: 36-42 years old
Suggested yoga pose: Balasana (Child’s Pose)
Physical issues: Seizures, vision troubles, headaches, sleeplessness, sinus problems
Balance by: If it’s overactive, spend time grounding in nature, being more mindful of the human experience. If it’s underactive, spend time tuning in through breathwork (alternate nostril breathing) or meditation — focus on signals that are outside of your physical body.
Crown Chakra (Samsara or Sahasrara)
The crown chakra represents pure consciousness energy and connects you to the spiritual realm. It can be understood as the seed of universal energy as opposed to something that is more personal.
It’s located beyond your physical body and mental functioning, instead, it hovers above the crown of the head.
Sahasrara is influenced by all the chakras and it’s through learning to balance the others that play a role in balancing this chakra.
Having an unbalanced crown chakra is what being human is about and it’s the journey of balancing this chakra that results in spiritual elevation and one day enlightenment.
Achieving a balanced crown chakra is the aim for anyone on a spiritual path. It’s responsible for helping you realise that you are a spiritual being having a human experience.
It governs our ability to feel spiritual, fulfilled, joyful and connected to Source and all that surrounds us.
Location: Crown of the head
What it controls: Spiritual connection, consciousness
Affirmation: “I am complete and one with divine consciousness.”
Element: Divine Consciousness / Cosmic Energy
Stone: Clear quartz
When it develops: 43-49 years old
Suggested yoga pose: Sirsasana (Headstand Pose)/Savasana (Corpse Pose)
Physical issues: Depression, chronic fatigue, mental fog, greed/materialism, migraines/chronic headaches, boredom, sensitivity to light and sound Balance by: Meditation, breathwork, gratitude practices, positive affirmations
What are the Chakras Symbols?
Root Chakra - Four-petalled lotus
Sacral Chakra - Six-petalled lotus
Solar Plexus Chakra - Ten-petalled lotus
Heart Chakra - Twelve-petalled lotus
Throat Chakra - Sixteen-petalled lotus
Third-eye Chakra - Two-petalled lotus
Crown Chakra - Thousand-petalled lotus
Find a quiet space. Sit in a comfortable cross-legged position or on a chair. Begin to take a few deep breaths through the nostrils, equalising each inhale and exhale. With each breath let any tension and stress melt away. Just be in the present moment, anchored in your body.
Bring your awareness to your root chakra, which is at the base of your spine, where your tailbone is situated, and imagine a bright beam of spinning red light. Hold this image in your mind, feel it pulsating and rotating with each breath. Feel into this for a few breaths.
Now, move your awareness up your spine to the space a few inches below your belly button to your sacral chakra. Imagine there’s a warm, bright, orange spinning light in this area. Again, notice how it moves with your breath. Take a few moments here.
Next, begin to guide your attention to your solar plexus chakra, a few inches above your belly button. This is an area where you may feel strong emotions like anxiety, fear or love and excitement. Bring your attention here and notice how you can sense an intense bright yellow light rotating in that area. Hold your focus here for a few breaths.
Then bring your awareness to your heart chakra at the centre of your chest where your heart is. This chakra harnesses a bright green light. When you are moved by deep emotions you may instinctively place your hand over this area. Connect with this area now and focus on this light as it pulses in the heart area. Breathe here for a few moments.
Bring your awareness to your throat chakra at the throat. Imagine a bright beam of blue light spinning in that area. You may feel the urge to swallow or clear your throat, which is normal. Breathe here for a few moments.
Next, move your awareness up to the space between your eyebrows, your third eye chakra. This chakra holds a deep indigo light. Imagine it spinning and becoming brighter and brighter. Hold an inner gaze here and breathe for a few moments.
Lastly, shift your awareness to your crown chakra at the very top of your head. Imagine a white or violet light that is spinning, pulsating and beaming right out of the top of the crown of your head. This light connects you to the universe and higher consciousness. Now, imagine this light beaming out of your entire body in all directions and imagine a blanket of peace softly covering your entire being. Be here and hold this image for a few deep
Studying your chakras meanings and the role each play can bring self-awareness and self-knowledge that has the ability to help you understand yourself at the deepest level.
We hope you enjoyed learning about the seven main chakras meanings and found it a useful resource in understanding your subtle body and its energetics (consider bookmarking this page to come back to whenever you want to learn more).
Which chakra do you feel is blocked and which practices will you do to balance it?
Drop us a message below, we would love to hear from you!
Here at Rustic Retreats, we will be hosting yoga retreats for all levels, and chakras will definitely be a topic we explore further.
Learn more about what we’ll be offering at our amazing Rustic Retreats